This Book regulates the civil-law relations arising from succession.
The State protects a natural person’s right to inheritance.
Succession begins upon the death of a decedent.
Where two or more persons with the right to inherit each other’s estate die in the same incident and it is difficult to determine the time of each person’s death, the person without any other successor is presumed to have predeceased those with other successor(s). Where the aforementioned deceased persons are from different generations and all of them have other successor(s), the person of the elder generation is presumed to have predeceased those of the younger generation; or, where the deceased are in the same generation, they are presumed to have died simultaneously and no succession occurs between or among them.
An estate refers to the property lawfully owned by a natural person upon death.
An estate not inheritable according to the provisions of law or based on the nature of the estate may not be inherited.
After succession opens, it shall be processed as an intestate succession, or where there is a will, as a testate succession by the successor(s) or donee(s)-by-will; or be processed in accordance with the agreement on testamentary gift for inter vivos support, where there is such an agreement.
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